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2021/06/11

宋代防疫 戴烏紗帽保持社交距離

Song Dynasty official hat happened to be a measure of epidemic prevention.



據《宋史》研究, 北宋南宋320 年(960~1279)瘟疫 49 次, 平均六年一次。當時兇猛的瘟疫如鼠疫、天花、傷寒、瘧疾、痲瘋、狂犬病、肺炎、霍亂、白喉、血吸蟲病…來來回回反覆肆虐, 但是宋代人以中醫藥文明就克服了世紀病毒並挺了下來。 如今那些古代瘟疫大多已經絕跡, 全新來襲的是新冠肺炎 COVID -19,希望當今醫藥科學也能夠幫助人類化險為夷。

According to “Song Dynasty History” studies, there were 49 epidemics during 320 years of Song Dynasty, once every six years or so in average. Plague, Smallpox, Typhoid, Malaria, Leprosy, Rabies, pneumonia, cholera, diphtheria, schistosomiasis, etc. returned constantly. However, Song Dynasty people survived with traditional Chinese Medicine. Nowadays, most ancient epidemics vanished, but we are facing a brand-new virus, COVID-19, I hope that modern medical science is able to beat it and save patients successfully.

* English subtitles are available. (Touch "CC" to get it.)
* The whole subtitles are following. You may use Google Translate to get any language you need.

[Song Dynasty official hat happened to be a measure of epidemic prevention.]
There were so many epidemics in Song Dynasty (960-1279), once every six years or so in average. Plague, Smallpox, Typhoid, Malaria, Leprosy, Rabies, pneumonia, cholera, diphtheria, schistosomiasis, etc. returned constantly. Song Dynasty emperor/official happened to take advantage of official Wu-Sha hat as a measure to keep social distance from others.
[Emperor 宋仁宗]
The official hat’s wings kept others away from about one feet. Just like an anti-epidemic tool nowadays.
[Stay away from me.]
[Emperor 宋太祖]
[Emperor 宋太宗]
[Emperor 宋真宗]
[Wu-Sha hat was popular until Ming Dynasty, but the wings were getting shorter.]
[Wu-Sha hat(Ming Dynasty)- Stored at Confucius House in Qufu, Shandong province. ]
Decent Song Dynasty emperor/official did epidemic prevention carefully. So cultured and neat.

參考文獻 References:
*《炙艾圖》宋 李唐 (1066~1150)
*《宋仁宗 像》
*《宋太祖 像》
*《宋太宗 像》
*《宋真宗 像》
* 國立故宮博物院(台北) Open Data - National Palace Museum (Taipei) Open Data










 


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