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2009/06/06

【英語教室】25. 間接問句

【圖說】攝於關島。天氣熱,大家都想吃冰棒了!!

教我們文法的 Y 老師其實很老實,也不太會說笑話,是那種可以把很好笑的一件事說成很冷的類型,她自己也很懊惱,但對於學生開她玩笑,她卻一點兒也不為意。

因為老實加上不太會搞笑,但又想炒熱班上氣氛,所以她常會講些自己家裡發生的大小事,班上學生對她的家務都略知一二了。

有天在課堂上,她的手機突然響了!
她一臉尷尬,因為忘了關手機了,班上也一陣靜默。就在她手忙腳亂翻包包的時候,我打破沈默說:「老公查勤哦?」

她嬌噴地否認:「我們才不會互相查勤咧!咦,我幹嘛臉紅啊?」她臉紅到耳根了,全班爆笑!

好了,來看英文吧!!

先前在【疑問詞】單元裡介紹了以 5W1H 為首的疑問句,簡單地說,就是:
 5W1H + 助動詞 + 主詞 + 原形動詞 ?

現在進行式的話,則把助動詞改成 Be 動詞,原形動詞改為現在分詞即可。
現在來複習一下 5W1H 的問句:

1. Where did you go this morning?
2. When will he be here?
3. What is she doing?
4. Why did the boy miss the class?
5. How do you like the food?

而本單元要說的間接問句 (Indirect Questions),是指「主要問題在後面」的句型,主詞與動詞的順序,則與直述句一樣。

例一:Does he know where you went this morning?
【分析】「你今早去哪裡」,已不是問題了,問題在「他知不知道」,因此,「你今早去哪裡」這一段,要用直述句的順序;而句尾的問題,其實是接 Does he know 這一段的。

例二:I wonder when he will be here.
【分析】「他何時會來」已不是問句了,這是「我想知道......」的直述句。

例三:Her mother is not sure what she is doing.

例四:The teacher had no idea why the boy missed the class.

例五:Could you please tell me how you like the food?

發現了嗎?句子是問句還是直述句,關鍵在於句首是否為問句;如果不是,如例二、三、四,就是直述句,句尾用句點。而例一、五,因為是問句開頭,所以也是問號結尾。

至於回答,則依照主要問句,來決定是否為 yes/ no 就可以了。


【練習】請將下列句子依提示改為間接問句。
1. Where do you live?  (Does your friend know......) 
2. When was the bicycle stolen? (The owner has no idea..... )
3. Is there a restaurant in this area? (Could you tell me if ...... )
4. How often is he late for work? (The boss wonders ..... )
5. Which book did you buy at the bookstore? (May I know ...... )


【解答】
1. Does your friend know where you live?
2. the owner has no idea when the bicycle was stolen.
3. Could you tell me if there is a restaurant in this area?
4. The boss wonders how often he is late for work.
5. May I know which book you bought at the bookstor?


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