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2005/09/26

【英語教室】15. 比較級 & 最高級

【比較級】比較兩個人、事、物,通常與 than 連用,
如:Mary's hair is longer than Jane's. 


【最高級】比較一個人、事、物與同類型的東西,放定冠詞 "the" 於最高級之前,並多與 in 或 of 連用,
如:Jamie is the tallest girl in class. Math is the most difficult subject of all.


【基本變化規則】 
 1. 單音節形容詞,字尾直接加 er (比較級) 或 est (最高級)
  tall --> taller --> tallest 
  high --> higher --> highest 
  short --> shorter --> shortest 

 2. 2 個音節以上,用 more + adj.(比較級) 或 most + adj.(最高級) 
  honest --> more honest --> most honest 
  expensive --> more expensive --> most expensive
  beautiful --> more beautiful --> most beautiful 

【其他規則】
 
 1. 單音節字尾為 e,則直接加 er / st
  large --> larger --> largest
  wise --> wiser --> wisest 

 2. 單音節字尾為 "短母音+子音" 的單音節形容詞(或重音在最後一音節),重覆子音再加 er / est 
  big --> bigger --> biggest 
  fat --> fatter --> fattest 

 3. 雙音節字尾為 y,去 y 改成 i,再加 er / est 
  happy --> happier --> happiest 
  funny --> funnier --> funniest 

【不規則】
 
  good --> better --> best 
  bad --> worse --> worst 
  many/much --> more --> most 
  little --> less --> least 
  far --> farther/further --> farthest/furthest 


【練習】依照提示字造句 
1. Jane's room / big / her sister's 
2. My pencil / long / my brother's 
3. Dogs / run / fast / cats 
4. cars / expensive / bicycles 
5. Lucy / thin girl / in town 
6. Darren / good student / at school 
7. The ring / expensive item / in the store 


【解答】 
1. Jane's room is bigger than her sister's. 
2. My pencil is longer than my brother's. 
3. Dogs run faster than cats. 
4. Cars are more expensive than bicycles. 
5. Lucy is the thinniest girl in town. 
6. Darren is the best student at school. 
7. The ring is the most expensive item in this store.


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