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2005/08/09

【英語教室】11. 形容詞 / 副詞

中文其實有詞性,只是我們每天用卻從來沒學過而已。本單元要記錄的是形容詞及副詞。

形容詞:修飾名詞,如:This is a good book. (good 形容 book);This girl is tall. 

副詞:修飾形容詞、動詞及副詞。
 She is very beautiful. (very 修飾形容詞 beautiful)
 She dances beautifully. (beautifully 修飾動詞 dance)
 She dances very beautifully. (very 修飾副詞 beautifully)

形容詞變成副詞的規則:

1. 字尾直接加 ly
 slow ---> slowly  nice ---> nicely  quick --> quickly

2. 字尾為 y 時,去掉 y 加 ily
 easy ---> easily  happy ---> happily

3. 字尾為 le, 去掉 e 改 y
 horrible ---> horribly  simple ---> simply

4. 不規則
 good --- > well  fast ---> fast   early ---> early
 hard ---> hard (hardly 為 "幾乎不",例:He hardly gets up early. 他幾乎不早起)
 late ---> late (lately 為 "最近",與完成式連用,例:He has not visited the store lately.他這陣子都沒去那商店))  
 

【注意】pretty 當形容詞為 "漂亮的",例:She is a pretty girl. 當副詞時,為 "相當",例:He is pretty tall.


【練習】填入適當的詞類變化
1. Matt is a _______ (careful) driver. He drives _______ (careful).
2. Ella is a _______ (happy) singer. She sings _______ (happy).
3. Jay is a _______ (horrible) driver. He drives _______ (horrible).
4. They are playing _______ (happy).
5. This is a _______ (quiet) boy. He sleeps _______ (quiet).


【解答】
1. careful / carefully  2. happy / happily  3. horrible / horribly  4. happily  5. quiet / quietly


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