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2005/07/25

【英語教室】1. 代名詞 / Be 動詞

英文最基本的概念:一個完整的句子,必有一個主詞 (Subject),一個動詞 (Verb)。若有兩個以上的主詞或動詞,則需要用連接詞連接。連接詞容後再述,本單元以代名詞及 Be 動詞為主。

我們通常用代名詞來代替主詞,代名詞如下:
我 I       我們 we
你,你們 you
他 he      她 she
它/牠 it     他們 they

一個句子沒有一般動詞 (如:like, read, write) 時,我們用 Be 動詞代替,以提供資訊,比如:He is a boy. Be 動詞的對應代名詞主詞如下:

I am / You are / He is / She is / It is / We are / They are

若為否定句,則在 Be 動詞後面直接加 not,如:You are not a student. 

若為疑問句,則把 Be 動詞放句首,如:Are you a student?

※如果有連接詞 or,則視最接近動詞的名詞為單數或複數,來決定動詞該用哪一種。
例:The students or their teacher is coming.


【練習一】空格內填入 Be 動詞或代名詞

1. Selina ______ a singer. _______ is cute. 
2. George and Mary _______ friends. _______ are tall. 
3. Wang _______ from Taiwan. _______ is a pitcher. 
4. Kenny or his brothers _______ coming.


【練習二】把下列句子分別改為疑問句及否定句

1. The boys are happy. 
2. Jolin is a good girl. 
3. We are tall. 
4. The dog is cute. 

【解答一】 
1. is / She 
2. are / They 
3. is / He 
4. are

【解答二】 
1. Are the boys happy? / The boys are not happy. 
2. Is Jolin a good girl? / Jolin is not a good girl. 
3. Are we tall? / We are not tall. 
4. Is the dog cute? / The dog is not cute. 


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