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2008/12/22

【英語教室】21. 關係副詞 - When, Where, Why, How, What

老實說,「閞係副詞」這個名詞,在我心裡是不存在的,因為我都一併把它們歸類為「關係代名詞」,因為記一堆專有名詞,只是把自己搞得頭昏而已,會正確運用才是重要的吧!

在閱讀本篇前,可先觀看先前的相關內容:《關係代名詞 - Who, Whose, Which, That》以及《關係代名詞進階運用》。

When, Where, Why, How 這一類的用法,與關係代名詞相同,
但是!!前面絕不可以加介系詞!
再依各字的代表屬性,代替不同的人、事、時、地、物。

I. When 代替時間:
 例:Do you know the time when she will come here?
 其中,the time 和 when 可省略其中之一,但不能同時省略,因此成為:
 Do you know when she will come here tomorrow?
 Do you know the time she will come here tomorrow?


II. Why 代替理由:
 例:I do not know the reason why he did not show up.
 而 why 與 the reason 的用法,與 when 相同,可省略其一,但不可同時省略。
 I do not know why he did not show up.
 I do not know the resaon he did not show up.


III. How 代替方法:
 例:Could you please explain the way how I operate this machine?
 而 how 與 the way 的用法,與 when 相同,可省略其一,但不可同時省略。
 Could you please explain how I operate this machine?
 Could you please explain the way I operate this machine?


IV. Where 代替地點,即為 where=in/at/on which+地點
 例:Do you know where the bank is? 
  = Do you know at which place the bank is?


V. What = the thing/things which(that)
 例:What he told me was true.
 = The story (which) he told me was true.

 注意:用 what 代替未明言的事物時,動詞一律以單數表示。


頭昏了嗎?老生常談,勤做練習,多閱讀,久而久之,"語感" 就培養起來了。到時候,不必刻意記規則,都能運用自如了。


【練習】填入適當的關係代名詞或關係副詞

1. I don't like the day _______ it is rainy and cold.
2. The clerk told the lady _______ she could get her money back.
3. He did not say _______ he was late.
4. This is the city _______ she spent honeymoon.
5. This is the same bus _______ I rode on this morning. 
6. Do you know _______ he lives?
7. Do you know _______ city he lives in?
8. _______ I bought you is good for your health.
9. We live in a city _______ is full of cars.
10. Betty, with _______ I drive to work every day, is a very nice girl.


【解答】
1. when
2. how
3. why
4. where
5. which/that
6. where
7. which
8. What
9. which / that
10. whom (可用 who,因為前面有 with)

關鍵字: 有名

【英語教室】20. 關係代名詞進階運用←上一篇 │首頁│ 下一篇→【英語教室】22. 假設法 - 有可能的假設
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