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2007/01/07

[個人寫作] 美國甘迺迪政府對豬灣事件(Bay of Pigs)的決策過程

Main Purpose:


Take “The Bay of Pigs” as an example and try to depict President John Kennedy’s initiate doctrine of American foreign policy in 1961.

Main Theme:

The history of the Cuban project begins in 1959 and the purpose of the survey ends with the invasion of Cuba by the Agency-supported Cuban brigade on 17 April 1961 and its defeat and capture by Castro’s forces in the next two days, so the main theme of this essay places the context and historical meanings of the Bay of Pigs through the background, the process of arrangement, especially using Graham Allison’s decision –making models to examine the invasion of Cuba and explore its influence to President Kennedy.


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2007/01/07

[個人寫作] The Enactment of the McCain Bill in 1998

The Enactment of the McCain Bill in 1998: A Review of
The Role Played by the Actions on Smoking and Health (ASH)

Introduction:

During the past decade, advocacy organizations commonly known as “public interest groups” have become increasingly prominent in American society and politics. These groups are not a new form of political organization; they have existed far back into American history. It is important to try to learn about public interest groups and their political behavior. Public interest groups offer individuals one means of participating collectively in politics policy outcomes. Thus, my sections focus on interest group activities at the agenda-building state and succeeding stages of program development, policy implementation and evaluation and on relationships with personnel in Congress and at various levels of the executive branch. In addition, I will take ASH as my example for me to examine how the interest groups in the United States to form an agenda, especially focus on the case study: the McCain Bill.


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2007/01/07

[個人寫作] 選舉經費制度改革之探討:以一九九六年美國民主黨政治獻金案為例

本文的目的乃針對一九九六年美國民主黨政治獻金事件所引發的選舉經費制度改革作一探討分析。一者檢視獻金醜聞事件對選舉經費制度的影響關係;二者討論獻金事件所暴露出美國選舉經費制度運作的重大缺失;三者闡釋美國國會在選舉經費改革問題上的政治角色和黨政關係的立法過程。因此,本人準備先將政治獻金案的簡略背景作一陳述,然後分析獻金案的影響及其所暴露出選舉經費制度的重大缺失,再接著對國會試圖修法的過程與結果進行探討,最後對國會修法失敗的原因,以及未來選舉經費制度改革的發展方向提出結論。

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