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2015/04/04

Facebook的性別和種族歧視言論,不受言論自由與個人行為為由保護

台灣保護人權的意識一向極為落後,幾個月前我檢舉了某大學教師性別歧視言論,該校以Facebook的性別歧視言論屬於他個人言論自由而拒絕受理,當然此案還有後話。不過,近日有個新聞值得參照:加拿大滿地可康科迪亞大學(Concordia University)一名華裔及意大利裔混血女學生,聲稱於2013年出任擔當大學一學生組織的行政委員時,發現被另外兩名委員多次於網上以性別和種族歧視言論侮和恥笑,該校接到投訴時說愛莫能助。令人驚訝的是,該校的宣傳性別平等中心(Centre for Gender and Advocacy)把她的個案轉介給魁省人權委員會(Quebec Human Rights Commission),此事因而受到魁省監察人權組織的處理。為什麼台灣學校的性別平等中心選擇包庇而加拿大會處理呢?這就是性別文明的差距。未來有機會,我會好好寫出此校委員及校方的嘴臉。

該校校長得知此事後的反應不是支持學校繼續掩蓋的行為,也沒有說Facebook的性別和種族歧視言論是個人行為或受言論自由保護,取而代之的乃是嚴正聲明。除了表示要徹查學校處理方式外,還說了一句話:
Any sexist and racist behaviour is deplorable and must be condemned.
任何性別歧視和種族主義行為是可悲的,必須予以譴責。


台灣該校無論性別平等委員會或校長秘書處都沒有這個意識,反而說那是該師在Facebook的言論自由與個人行為。

Facebook已經大幅改變對性別和種族歧視、仇恨言論的限制,根本不能以所謂言論自由與個人行為為由保護,為什麼台灣人認為在Facebook上可以毫無忌憚的污辱別人呢?難道不知道這是反人類文明的嗎?所謂言論自由可以這樣被濫用嗎?(see Facebook臉書反仇恨言論,台灣人到底懂不懂?) 

以下是該校校長Alan Shepard聲明的google翻譯:
4月1日,在蒙特利爾公報報導,迪亞學生已經提出了申訴與魁北克人權委員會,性和種族歧視行為的投訴對藝術和協會聯合會科學(ASFA)的兩名前高管同胞。
我深深地被我在網上讀到昨晚報導困擾,我們正在尋找進入大學的回應的情況。
任何性別歧視和種族主義行為是可悲的,必須予以譴責。
我們社區的安全是最重要的。這就是為什麼,在12月,我要求檢討我們的性侵犯的政策 - 一個過程,包括性騷擾的問題。我們的審查將提供簡化的過程報告和打擊這種行為的建議。
社交媒體領域仍然是高校比較新的領域,我們都找到我們的立足點。我們正在努力解決的方法來處理不可接受的行為在這一新的現實。什麼是私有的,什麼是個人的,以及在那裡的大學有干預的權力,必須加以解決的問題。
我們的社會成員都提供給他們的資源,當這些問題出現。每個案件都是不同的,有不同的選擇為應對這些情況。
很遺憾,我們可能沒有傳達這些選項不夠清楚我們的學生。我們已經達到了向她提供我們的支持。
我們致力於為每個人創造一個安全的環境和打擊種族主義和性別歧視行為。

On April 1, the Montreal Gazette reported that a Concordia student has filed a complaint with the Quebec Human Rights Commission, complaining of sexual and racial harassment and discrimination against two former fellow executives of the Arts and Science Federation of Associations (ASFA).
I am deeply troubled by the reports I read online last night and we are looking into the circumstances of the university’s response.
Any sexist and racist behaviour is deplorable and must be condemned.
The safety of our community is paramount. This is why, in December, I requested a review of our sexual assault policy – a process that includes the issue of sexual harassment. Our review will provide recommendations on simplifying the process for reporting and combatting such behaviour.
The social media landscape is still relatively new territory for universities and we are all finding our footing. We are grappling with ways to deal with unacceptable behaviour within this new reality. Questions of what is private and what is personal, as well as where universities have the power to intervene, must be addressed.
Members of our community have resources available to them when such issues arise. Each case is different and there are different options for responding to these situations.
We regret that we may not have communicated these options clearly enough to our student. We have reached out to her to provide our support.
We are committed to creating a safe environment for everyone and combatting racist and sexist behaviour.


Blackjack 2015/4/4


*********************
華裔女投訴歧視 大學稱愛莫能助
[2015-04-02]

本報訊
滿地可康科迪亞大學(Concordia University)一名華裔及意大利裔混血女學生,聲稱於2013年出任擔當大學一學生組織的行政委員時,發現被另外兩名委員多次於網上以性別和種族歧視言論侮和恥笑。女學生指最初向校方投訴時,校方竟然說愛莫能助。魁省監察人權的組織現正處理事件。
據CTV報道,不願公開身分的女受害人表示,她在2013年被選入大學的Arts and Science Faculty Association(ASFA)行政委員會後,多次被另外兩名委員以性別和種族歧視言論侮和恥笑。受害人指出,她原本一直忍受著兩人的行徑,直至有次在兩人的facebook交談頁面中,發現兩人以「中國佬奴隸」(chink slave)等帶種族歧視的字眼稱呼她,又多次於言談上將她代入不同的性行為中。
轉介人權委員會
受害人把有關交談記錄作截圖後,將有關資料交給大學的學生輔導主任,但學生輔導主任在跟受害人會面期間,致電校方的權利和責任辦公室(Office of Rights and Responsibilities)徵詢意見時,該辦公室表示有關談話是私下對話,對事件愛莫能助。受害人最終獲校方的宣傳性別平等中心(Centre for Gender and Advocacy)協助,把她的個案轉介給魁省人權委員會(Quebec Human Rights Commission)。
大學校長舒柏(Alan Shepard)於周三發聲明指,對於在網上看到的相關報道感到困擾,並正在翻查校方的處理手法。

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http://theconcordian.com/2015/04/online-exclusive-concordia-president-alan-shepard-comments-on-alleged-harassment-from-asfa-execs/
ONLINE EXCLUSIVE: Concordia President Alan Shepard comments on alleged harassment from ASFA execs
Posted by: The Concordian in News, Online Exclusive
Student has filed a complaint regarding misogynistic and racist Facebook message
By Nathalie Laflamme, Editor-in-chief and Opinions editor Laura Marchand.
This article has been substantially updated to reflect original reporting.
A former ASFA executive came out this week with allegations she was subjected to sexist and racially discriminatory remarks by colleagues, both publicly and privately, and has opened up a case against them with the Quebec Human Rights Comission, the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse.
The student, who is going by the pseudonym Mei-Ling for now, said matters came to a head after she logged in to the Arts and Science Federation of Associations’ office computers and discovered a Facebook conversation between two executives wherein she was sexually and ethnically degraded and referred to, in part, as a ‘chink slave’ and a ‘whore’ who should be ‘impeached’ unless she performed oral sex acts. Mei-Ling is partly Chinese.
The Concordian has seen chat logs showing such comments about her began before the start of her mandate and continued over months.
Mei-Ling alleges they were only the most egregious example in a long line of misogynistic and racist actions she experienced in the workplace.
“They would refer to other women as whores and sluts without a care to who was listening,” she said of the casual office behaviour that was displayed before her and her female colleagues. “So I just ignored it.”
But eventually it became too much and she started coming in at odd hours or at night in an effort to avoid interacting. Attempts at eliciting support from her female colleagues were met with scant sympathy.
“They were advising me to stay silent,” she alleges. “ ‘Try to laugh it off,’ they said.” When she told her parents they began accompanying her to the office.
“It had a real impact on how I view myself and my self-esteem,” she said of her experiences of victim-shaming.
As reported by the Montreal Gazette, Mei-Ling took her complaints to Concordia’s Dean of Students Andrew Woodall, who also consulted with the director of the Office of Rights and Responsibilities. In that meeting, she was told the university could take no actions against the students, since the Facebook conversation was private.
“They didn’t seem to care,” she said.
So she went to the Concordia’s Centre for Gender Advocacy and the Concordia Student Union (CSU) Legal Information Clinic, who put her in touch with the Center for Research-Action on Race Relations (CRARR), a non-profit civil rights organization serving clients who say they’ve suffered from discrimination. CRARR has since opened up the case on her behalf. They are looking for emotional and punitive damages and an independent task force to monitor allegations of sexism and racism.
CRARR Executive Director Fo Niemi is pleased with the rapid response from the university (see below) but finds it is wanting since the university still hasn’t made it clear how it will proceed in dealing with the accusations.
Fo says the initial failure form the administration to act fast enough in addressing Mei-Ling’s complaints can count as discrimination itself. “The negligence perpetuates the effects of discrimination that the person comes to seek help for,” he explained.
Mei-Ling says her story has encouraged other women to privately come forward to her with their own stories of sexual harassment and misogyny in the organization.
Though she says she’s no longer interested in working with ASFA, she hopes her story leads to real and positive changes in campus culture and ensures future instances of this nature are dealt with in a better and more supportive manner.
“Why am I doing it? Because the next person probably wouldn’t,” she said.
Here is the full statement from President Shepard:
On April 1, the Montreal Gazette reported that a Concordia student has filed a complaint with the Quebec Human Rights Commission, complaining of sexual and racial harassment and discrimination against two former fellow executives of the Arts and Science Federation of Associations (ASFA).
I am deeply troubled by the reports I read online last night and we are looking into the circumstances of the university’s response.
Any sexist and racist behaviour is deplorable and must be condemned.
The safety of our community is paramount. This is why, in December, I requested a review of our sexual assault policy – a process that includes the issue of sexual harassment. Our review will provide recommendations on simplifying the process for reporting and combatting such behaviour.
The social media landscape is still relatively new territory for universities and we are all finding our footing. We are grappling with ways to deal with unacceptable behaviour within this new reality. Questions of what is private and what is personal, as well as where universities have the power to intervene, must be addressed.
Members of our community have resources available to them when such issues arise. Each case is different and there are different options for responding to these situations.
We regret that we may not have communicated these options clearly enough to our student. We have reached out to her to provide our support.
We are committed to creating a safe environment for everyone and combatting racist and sexist behaviour.
Alan Shepard

********

Concordia student files complaint over alleged sexist, racist Facebook chats
http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/concordia-student-files-complaint-over-alleged-sexist-racist-facebook-chats-1.2308715
CTVNews.ca Staff 
Published Wednesday, April 1, 2015 10:10PM EDT 
A current student and past member of the University of Concordia's largest student association has filed a complaint with the Quebec Human Rights commission after she says she was the target of repeated sexist and racist comments from two former colleagues.
The woman, who prefers not to reveal her identity, was elected to the executive of the Arts and Science Faculty Association in 2013. She says that last year she stumbled on to Facebook chats in which two of her fellow executive members referred to her in racist and sexist terms.
"They referred to me as a chink slave," she told CTV Montreal.
"I found repeated vicious, sexually explicit slandering against women and Chinese woman (directed) at me," she added.
The student, who is proud of her Chinese and Italian heritage, says the comments made her feel alienated.
"I was extremely shocked. I shook. I went home and I started crying to myself," she said.
"They made me feel like I didn't belong because of my sex, because of my gender and I didn't know why," she added.
Prior to seeing the Facebook conversation, she said that her two colleagues had also made verbal taunts. The student says that fellow executive members told her to simply ignore the comments.
But after seeing the remarks made online, she brought screenshots to Concordia's dean of students who referred her to the university's Office of Rights and Responsibilities.
"(They) told me there was nothing … the office could do because the conversations were private," she said.
But Centre for Research Action on Race Relations disagreed, and helped her file a complaint with the province's human rights commission.
"Is it really private when basically the computer is in the office accessible to any member on the executive?" said Fo Niemi, the organization's executive director.
"I think the university really needs to reassess the way it deal with this, especially after the scandal at Dalhousie Dentistry school (and) after the scandal (at the) University of Ottawa, where the president of the student association was also exposed to sexist insults and threats,” added Niemi.
In response to the allegations, Concordia's president, Alan Shepard issued a statement on Wednesday saying that the university is investigating the allegations.
"I am deeply troubled by the reports I read … and we are looking into the circumstances of the university's response," Shepard said.
"Any sexist and racist behaviour is deplorable and must be condemned," he added.
The student says that by opening a complaint with Quebec's Human Rights Commission she is seeking justice not just for herself, but other students who have also faced discrimination.
"I'm fighting for an open conversation about rape culture … sexism and racism in universities," she said.
With a report from CTV Montreal

Link

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