The name "Óbidos" is a Latinised (oppidum, citadel) derivation of the older Celtic "Eburobricio". The municipality had its growth from a Roman settlement near the foothills of an elevated escarpment. The region of Óbidos, extending from the Atlantic to the interior of Estremadura Province along the rivers and lakes has been inhabited since the late Paleolithic.A settlement was constructed by early Celt tribes, that was later a centre of trade for the Phoenicians. Archeological evidence from the base of the medieval tower (south of Facho) at Óbidos Castle indicates Roman construction linked to an outpost of the Roman civitas of Eburobrittium, a large urban area that has been under excavation. Archeological surveys determined the remains of a forum, baths and other Roman structures near the settlement.
After the fall of Rome, the region came under the influence of the Visigoths, although specific records are missing. The Roman town of Eburobrittium was abandoned in the 5th century for the more secure hilltop where today the principal settlement is located. Sometime after 713 the Moors established a fortification on this mountain, while a Christian community of Mozarabs lived in the Moncharro neighbourhood.
The area was taken from the Moors by the first King of Portugal, Afonso Henriques, in 1148. Tradition states that one knight, Gonçalo Mendes da Maia, was responsible for the successful storming of the Moorish castle.The retaking of Óbidos was a final stage in the conquest of the Estremadura Province region, after the settlements of Santarém, Lisbon and Torres Vedras. Following the control of the region, the settlement received its first foral (charter) in 1195, during the reign of King Sancho I. In 1210, King Afonso II gave the title of this village to Queen Urraca. Since then, Óbidos has often been patronized by the Queens of Portugal, giving rise to its informal title as Vila das Rainhas (English: town of the Queens); several royal consorts enriched the village with donations from the Middle Ages until the 16th century.
The castle and walls of Óbidos were remodelled during the reign of King Dinis I. The limestone and marble structure was strengthened and elaborated, while the keep was created in the 14th century, by King Fernando. By the time of the first remodelling project, the settlement had also grown beyond the gates of the castle.
The Church of Santa Maria in Óbidos was the setting for the wedding of King Afonso V to his cousin, Princess Isabella of Coimbra, on 15 August 1441, when they were both still children aged 9 and 10, respectively.Administrative reforms conducted by King Manuel I at Óbidos in 1513, included the institution of a formal charter and major requalification of the urban area.
The 1755 earthquake caused damage to the village walls, a few churches, and many buildings, and resulted in the loss of architecture of Arab or Medieval inspiration.Similarly, the Peninsular Wars were fought in the vicinity of Óbidos, including the Battle of Roliça.More recently, the village was a centre of government and meeting place for those involved in the 1974 Carnation Revolution, linking it to the armed forces movement revolt參考資料：
15、16世紀乃葡萄牙的全盛時代，在非、亞、美擁有大量殖民地，為海上強國。這一時期的歷史名人有恩里克王子、巴爾托洛梅烏·迪亞士、瓦斯科·達·伽馬、斐迪南·麥哲倫等，葡萄牙也開創多項「第一」，包括最早探險至非洲最南端好望角的莫塞爾灣，開闢通往印度的新航線，麥哲倫的首次環航地球。但隨著其他歐洲國家繼取得海上霸權後，葡萄牙實力有所下降。在與摩洛哥以及鄂圖曼土耳其的三王會戰中，年輕的Sebastian I陣亡，1580年皇室姻親被併入西班牙，直到1640年才擺脫西班牙統治。1755年首都里斯本發生9級大地震，造成10萬人死亡，也令葡萄牙的國力嚴重下降，殖民帝國從此衰落。1807年遭到拿破崙法軍入侵，1808年被法軍所佔領，導致葡萄牙的布拉干薩王室（Dinastia de Bragança）一度遷都到南美洲的殖民地巴西直到1812年戰爭結束才返回。在此期間為了爭取巴西人民的支持，宣布葡萄牙與巴西的平等地位，並改國號為葡萄牙－巴西－阿爾加維聯合王國。1822年巴西獨立，1825年葡萄牙承認巴西獨立。