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September 15, 2017

馬氏寵物食品集團百億保衛戰


Mars Petcare Protecting Their Billions
馬氏寵物食品集團百億保衛戰

譯註:馬氏寵物食品集團旗下品牌包括皇家、寶路、偉嘉、KITEKAT®, BANFIELD®, CESAR®,西沙 NUTRO®美士, SHEBA®,西巴 CHAPPI®, CATSAN®, FROLIC®, PERFECT FIT® and GREENIES®.”健綠潔牙骨;2016年此集團年營業額約美金一百七十億(“$17,224,400,000.00”.)

By Susan Thixton
作者:蘇珊.席克斯頓(寵物食品真相網站)

August 27, 2017
原文發表日期:2017年8月27日

原文出處連結:http://truthaboutpetfood.com/mars-petcare-protecting-their-billions/
 
In 2012 Mars Petcare sold $16,650,000,000.00 worth of pet food. A lot of other things happened in 2012 too, apparent attempts to protect that $16 billion dollar a year income. TAPF has obtained thousands of pages of government records disclosing inside information regarding the Mars Petcare plant in Joplin, MO. Here are some snippets from those documents.

馬氏寵物食品集團2012年的營業額是美金166億5千萬元。同一年發生許多事,很顯然是為了保護他們美金166億的營業額。本網站(Truth About Pet Food,寵物食品真相,簡稱TAPF)獲得好幾千頁的政府記錄,內容關於此集團位於密蘇里州喬普林的寵物食品工廠。以下是來自這些文件的一些內容。

In August of 2012, employees of the Mars Petcare plant in Joplin, MO filed a lawsuit against their employer. Many employees of the pet food plant told me the lawsuit had to happen, because not one government authority protected them, not one government authority protected the pets from the pet food. After four long years, the lawsuit was set to go to trial in January 2017. Then the case was suddenly settled in late December 2016 – weeks prior to trial. Telling evidence against Mars Petcare was sealed in that settlement. But…not everything was sealed.

在2012年8月,馬氏集團喬普林工廠員工對資方提起告訴。此廠許多員工跟我說他們一定要告廠方,因為沒有任何一個政府單位在保護他們,也沒有任何一個政府單位為寵物食品提供保護。在經過漫長的四年之後,此案終於要在2017年一月開庭。但是卻突然之間在2016年12月和解了,就在距離開庭只有幾個禮拜的時間。不利於馬氏集團的證據被封存在和解文件之中。但是...並非所有證據都被封存起來。

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) provides the opportunity for any individual to request correspondence, documents, evidence from a government entity. FOIA requests were sent to Missouri Department of Agriculture, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for any and all correspondence, documents, evidence relating to the Mars Petcare plant in Joplin, MO. After months of waiting, documents have finally been received, thousands of pages worth.

根據言論自由條款,每一個人都可以要求政府單位提供書信、文件和證據。根據此條款,我們去函要求密蘇里州農業部、美國食品藥物管理局、職業安全健康局以及國家職業安全健康部,提供和馬氏集團喬普林工廠有關的所有書信、文件和證據。經過幾個月的等待後,我們終於收到幾千頁的資料。

This is a very detailed story. Some agencies heavily redacted the information provided, others did not. In other words, this is a jigsaw puzzle with some of the pieces blank. As pieces are put together, they will be shared. It is unknown at this time how many parts/pieces to this story there will be.

這是一個有著豐富細節的故事。但是有些機構刪除大量的資料後才提供給我們,雖然有些並沒有。換句話說,這是一個有些圖片是空白的拼圖。當圖片被拼湊完成後,訊息會被公諸於世。目前並不知道關於這個事件我們擁有多少圖片。

Note to the individual(s) who have threatened others and myself for years: be aware that the documents I have received are public information provided to me within full provision of law. Any future threats, texts, spying will be reported to authorities and will be fully disclosed to pet food consumers.

曾經威脅我以及其他人的人請注意:我是以完全合法的方式獲得這些公共資料。任何威脅字眼或監視,都會被完整的提報給相關單位以及寵物食品消費者。

Documents show sick pets were reported to authorities regarding the pet food manufactured at this Mars Petcare plant; it is unknown how many pets became ill or died. It is well documented that many employees of the pet food plant and subcontractor employees have suffered serious health consequences including heart disease, lung disease, and cancer. At least one former employee (to my knowledge) has died (liver cancer). Multiple former employees and subcontractor employees have shared that area doctors will no longer treat them – outright refusing patients who used to work for Mars. One former employee – now too sick to work (lung disease) shared when he recently went to a new doctor, at the first meeting the doctor entered the room and said “Did you work at the Mars plant, because I can’t get involved in that.” The former employee lied – he told the doctor “No, I didn’t work there” in order to receive treatment.

文件顯示寵物吃了馬氏集團這間工廠製造的寵物食品後生病,並且有通報相關單位。至於有多少寵物因此而生病或死亡則不得而知。這間工廠的許多員工和特約員工,因為工作環境導致健康出現嚴重的問題被詳細記錄,這些健康問題包括心臟疾病、肺部疾病和癌症。就我所知,至少有一名員工死亡(肺癌)。這間工廠的許多離職員工和特約員工說,當地的醫生不願意幫他們治療。醫生明白拒絕為馬氏集團工廠的員工看診。一位目前病重(肺病)而無法工作的離職員工說,他最近去找一個新醫生就診,第一次看診醫生走進診間的第一個問題是:「你在馬氏工廠上班嗎?因為我不想跟這間工廠扯上關係。」這位離職員工只好說謊,他回:「我不是馬氏工廠的員工」,以便得到治療。

This pet food plant closed in June of 2013. Mars Petcare told KOAM TV of Joplin, MO the pet food plant closed because “there’s simply been less demand in stores for dry dog food.  The official says the market has shifted towards smaller dogs.” 

這間寵物食品工廠於2013年6月關閉。馬氏集團跟喬普林的當地電視台說,工廠關閉是因為狗的乾飼料需求減少。該集團官方說法是市場需求轉向比較小型的狗。

But records obtained tell a different story.

但是我們獲得的記錄顯示不同的說法

In September 2012 – less than 9 months prior to plant closing – the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a “confidential health hazard evaluation request from employees of Mars PetCare in Joplin, Missouri. The requestors expressed concerns about vomiting, seizures, and breathing as well as problems with kidneys, liver, and lungs related to substances used in the manufacture of pet food and dog biscuits.”

2012年9月,距離工廠關閉不到九個月,國家職業安全健康部收到一封「要求對馬氏集團喬普林工廠員工,進行保密的健康風險評估。這間工廠用來製造寵物食品和狗餅乾的物質,造成工廠員工出現嘔吐、抽搐、呼吸問題,還有腎臟、肝臟和肺部問題,提出要求評估的人表達對這些問題的關切。」

Per hand written notes received through Freedom of Information Act request, NOISH had serious concerns regarding this pet food plant:

依據言論自由條款而收到的手寫筆記,可以看出國家職業安全健康部非常關切這間寵物食品工廠。


 
“Most of people working in mill room are sick – 6-7 sick.
2 full time employees + 1 temporary times 3 per shift.”

多數在廠房內工作的人生病-六至七人生病
兩個全職員工+一個兼職員工;一天三班制

With regards to phosphine (pesticide commonly used to kill insects and rodents on grains and meat meal ingredients of pet food), NIOSH research notes stated:

關於磷化氫(用來殺穀物中的昆蟲和囓齒類動物的殺蟲劑,同時也是寵物食品骨粉中的成分),國家職業安全健康部做了以下的註記:


“Slightly heavier than air.
Phosphine – recover or die.
No antidote– only fresh air.
Nausea, sweat, flu like symptoms, CV collapse, breathing problems.”

比空氣略重
磷化氫-復原或死亡
沒有解毒劑-只能依靠新鮮空氣
反胃、流汗、類似流感的症狀、心血管塌陷、呼吸問題

NIOSH held a phone conference meeting with Mars Petcare lawyers Mark Anstoetter and Pat Fanning on October 19, 2012 requesting an inspection of the pet food plant as well as requesting to interview employees. Dates offered for inspection by the Mars lawyers during that meeting were November 2, November 13, 14, and/or November 31. The inspection was delayed until December 17 – 19, 2012.

2012年10月19日,國家職業安全健康部和馬氏集團的律師馬克.安史多特以及派特.芬寧進行電話會議,要求驗廠以及員工訪談。會議中馬氏集團律師提出的驗廠日期是11月2日、13日、14日以及或者31日。結果是拖延到12月17-19日才進行驗廠。

From the October 19, 2012 meeting notes – Mars attorney Mark Anstoetter told NIOSH:

根據2012年10月19日的電話會議記錄-馬氏集團律師馬克.安史多特跟國家職業安全健康部說:


“No diacetyl.
“Don’t add it. Not in raw ingredients.”

丁二酮
沒有加。沒有在原物料之中。

However NIOSH did find diacetyl in the pet food plant. “We found that one of the ingredients used at the facility that we sampled had the potential to release diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione into the air under certain circumstances.” (Quote from NIOSH final report linked at the bottom of this post.) Diacetyl is a flavor additive linked to serious lung disease (popcorn lung).

然而國家職業安全健康部有在這間寵物食品廠發現丁二酮。「在某些狀況之下,我們採集的樣本中的食材,會釋放出丁二酮和2,3-戊烷二酮,進入空氣中。」(引用國家職業安全健康部總結報告中的措詞,連結在本文底部)。丁二酮是一種調味料,會造
成嚴重的肺病(爆米花肺=阻塞性細支氣管炎)。

NIOSH notes dated November 5, 2012:

2012年11月5日國家職業安全健康部的筆記:


“Prior to inspections – shut down and clean everything.
Sometimes not even running when inspector comes through.
Very seldom was plant ever running when inspector at plant.”

「驗廠之前-關廠並且徹底清潔。
有時驗廠人員前去時,工廠甚至沒有在運作。
驗廠人員在工廠時,大多時候工廠並沒有在運作。」

And just as they were told, cleaning of the pet food plant began about 1 month in advance of NIOSH’s arrival at the plant (inspection to begin December 17, 2012). (Less than 7 months prior to closing, the plant was producing pet food 24/7.)

如同國家職業安全健康部被告知,在他們驗廠之前的一個月,工廠就已展開清潔工作(2012年12月17日開始驗廠)(在工廠關閉前的七個月,這家工廠製造寵物食品的時間是每天24小時全年無休。)



“November 15, 2012.
Mars announced that they will be running 7 days per week now.
Holiday party cancelled.
People will work 13 days/1 off.
No new hiring.
People are getting called in early to clean.
Normal work hours 11 PM, come in at 7 PM or stay over to help temporary workers clean.
Get paid overtime, but can’t say no.”

「2012年11月15日
馬氏集團宣佈工廠每週運作七天。
假期聚會被取消。
員工工作十三天休一天。
不再僱用新員工。
要求員工提早到廠以清潔工廠。
正常上班時間是晚上十一點,但七點就得進廠,或是過夜以幫忙臨時僱員清潔工廠。
有加班費,但不能拒絕加班。」

NOISH performed their plant inspection, sampling tests and employee interviews December 17 – 19, 2012. On February 13, 2013, NIOSH provided Mars Petcare and their attorneys with “Interim Letter 1”. The letter from NIOSH to Mars went over various concerns including the risk to employees of phosphine poisoning (Phosphine is a commonly used pesticide to kill bugs and rodents on grains and meat meal ingredients.) Company records provided to NIOSH showed “From August 4 to October 29, 2012, personal phosphine monitor measurements ranged between 0 and 5.85 ppm. On two days, there was a personal monitoring reading of 5.85 ppm around the auger.” Note: personal phosphine monitors worn by some employees were set to alarm at 0.2 ppm. A reading of “5.85 ppm” inside the plant would certainly put employees at risk for exposure to a deadly poison.

2012年12月17-19日,國家職業安全健康部進行驗廠、產品採樣以及員工訪談。2013年2月13日,國家職業安全健康部把「內部信件一號」交給馬氏集團及其律師。信中表達許多國家職業安全健康部關切的事項,例如員工暴露於磷化氫(被用來殺穀物中的昆蟲和囓齒類動物的殺蟲劑,同時也是寵物食品骨粉中的成分)的風險。根據提供給國家職業安全健康部的公司記錄顯示,2012年8月4日到10月29日之間,個人磷化氫測量器測到的磷化氫數值介於0到5.85ppm之間。這當中有兩天,測量器在螺絲鑽附近測到的濃度是5.85ppm。註:員工把個人磷化氫測量器配戴在身上,濃度達0.2ppm時即達警戒程度。廠內濃度到達5.85ppm時,員工當然是置身於致命的毒氣之中。

The same February 13, 2013 Interim Letter 1 from NIOSH requested Mars to place “copies of this letter be posted in a prominent place accessible to the employees for a period of 30 calendar days.” This was requested to warn/alert employees to NIOSH findings. But per internal emails from NIOSH, Mars Petcare did not comply:

在這封2013年2月13日發出的「內部信件一號」中,國家職業安全健康部要求馬氏集團把這封信複製後張貼三十天在廠內員工容易看到的地方。這麼做是為了警告或提醒員工國家職業安全健康部所發現到的事實。但是從國家職業安全健康部內部郵件看來,馬氏集團並沒有按照要求去做。

A meeting was held between NIOSH and Mars Petcare on “Friday, May 17, 2013 at 1400”. On the call for Mars was Mark Anstoetter, Attorney, Shook Hardy & Bacon, L.L.P. and “Robert Arnold Plant Manager, Mars PetCare, Joplin, Missouri.”

「2013年5月17日星期五」,國家職業安全健康部和馬氏集團開會。代表馬氏集團出席的是律師馬克.安史托特,以及馬氏集團喬普林廠工廠經理羅勃.阿諾。

NIOSH records documenting the meeting state: 

國家職業安全健康部的會議記錄;

“1) First we discussed the absentee data.”

「首先我們討論缺少的資料。」

“2) After this, we discussed our desire to return to complete a medical survey. We mentioned the high percentage of workers interviewed during the site visit who complained of pulmonary (lung) symptoms, allergic symptoms, and GI problems (44%, 33%, and 28% respectively).”

「接著我們討論希望回去做一份完整的醫療問卷。我們提到接受訪談的員工,有很多人抱怨有肺病症狀、過敏症狀和腸胃道問題(比例分別是44%、33%和28%)

“3) Mark (Anstoetter – Mars attorney) stated that he was surprised and saw no evidence to support our desire to return. He stated that continuing this investigation would be “abusive” to the company.”

「馬克(馬氏集團的律師)說他對我們的要求感到意外,因為他沒有看到支持我們回去做醫療問卷的證據。他還說調查如果繼續下去,對馬氏集團會造成『傷害』。」

“7) Mark stated that he did not feel the company should have to be investigated further, and implied that [redacted]. He furthermore said that he could not consent to further follow-up. In light of the fact that the litigants are filing for health concerns, Mars insists that no further data collection is necessary and believes it will only intervene with the case.”

「馬克說他不認為馬氏集團需要接受更進一步的調查,而且暗示說(內容被刪除)。他還說他不會同意進一步的後續調查。至於提起訴訟的當事人提告的理由是健康問題,馬氏集團堅持沒有收集任何進一步資料的必要,並堅信這麼做只會對此案造成干擾。」

The above meeting when Mars refused to give consent for medical survey on their employees was May 17, 2013. It was just a matter of time that Mars would have been forced to consent to NIOSH medical survey of employees (cannot legally be refused).

這場拒絕國家職業安全健康部要求做醫療問卷的會議舉行日期是2013年5月17日。馬氏集團被迫同意對員工進行醫療問卷只是時間問題(依法不能拒絕)。

On June 3, 2013 – two weeks later – Mars Petcare announced to employees that the Joplin pet food plant was closing that day – no advance warning was given to employees. On that same day – June 3, 2013 – employees of the pet food plant were offered a 6 month pay severance package – in exchange for their signature on a document releasing Mars from any future health claims against the company.

2013年6月3日-兩週後-馬氏集團向員工宣佈即刻關廠-事先沒有給員工任何通知。在同一天,員工被告知馬氏集團願意付給他們六個月的資遣費,前提是他們必須簽署一份文件,同意未來有任何健康問題出現時,不得向馬氏集團求償。

Overview –

回顧事件大網-

November 15, 2012 – production of pet food was 3 shifts 7 days a week.

2012年11月15日 – 寵物食品工廠每天24小時三班制全年無休的在製造產品

December 17 – 19, 2012 – NIOSH inspects plant, performs testing and interviews employees.

2012年12月17-19日 - 國家職業安全健康部驗廠、進行測試以及訪談員工。

February 13, 2013 – NIOSH sent response letter to Mars regarding inspection highlighting serious concerns with pesticide use (phosphine). NIOSH requests Mars to post “several copies” of this letter in prominent places to alert employees of their findings.

2013年2月13日 - 國家職業安全健康部就驗廠一事寄出信件給馬氏集團,強調對殺蟲劑(磷化氫)使用的關切。國家職業安全健康部要求馬氏集團把信件複製數份,張貼在明顯處,以提醒員工。

March 5, 2013 – Mars refuses to post NIOSH response letter to warn/alert employees.

2013年3月5日 – 馬氏拒絕張貼信件以警告員工。

May 17, 2013 – Phone meeting with Mars attorney – refuses to allow follow up medical survey’s of employees.

2013年5月17日 – 和馬氏集團律師進行電話會議 – 拒絕對員工進行後續的醫療問卷。

June 3, 2013 – Mars closes the plant with no warning to employees. Employees are forced to sign a health claims release in order to receive severance package.

2013年6月3日 - 馬氏在沒有事先告知員工的情況下宣佈關廠。員工被迫簽署文件,同意未來不會就健康問題向馬氏求償,以獲得六個月的遺散費。

June 4, 2013 – Mars tells media plant closed due to “less demand in stores for dry dog food“.

 2013年6月4日 – 馬氏告訴媒體關廠是因為狗乾飼料需求減少。

NIOSH could have/should have returned to Joplin, MO to do the medical survey on employees even after the plant closed. Data could have been collected from these recently laid off pet food employees that could have helped these people obtain treatment for their own illnesses – as well as help to prevent employee illness in many other pet food manufacturing plants. But that did not happen. Plant closed, the investigation ended.

即使是在關廠之後,國家職業安全健康部可以也應該回去工廠進行醫療問卷。那些被解僱的員工身上可以收集到資料,幫助員工治療疾病,同時也可以預防其他寵物食品工廠的員工生病。但是問卷沒有被進行。工廠關閉,調查畫下句點。

NIOSH published a final report on the inspection – Click Here to read that document.
The above is just a few pieces of more than 1,000 pages received from one government agency (NIOSH). Many more pages to piece together, 3 other government agency documents to go through. Numerous former employees (not part of the lawsuit) and witnesses are helping me put the pieces together. More soon.

以上只是少數的一些資料,來自國家職業安全健康部提供的超過一千頁的資料。
 
譯者酒鬼話很多:
這篇文章是以證據呈現事實的方式書寫,所以讀起來有點硬。內容重點是寵物食品工廠的食材含有磷化氫,一種被用來殺穀物中的昆蟲和囓齒類動物的殺蟲劑,同時也是寵物食品骨粉中的成分。這些化學物質釋放到空氣中,工廠員工吸入而生病,出現肺病症狀、過敏症狀和腸胃道問題,員工因此對這家工廠提起告訴,但卻在距離開庭約一個月的時間和解了。政府單位通知要驗廠,卻是等了兩個月才去驗,真有趣。不知道在這兩個月之間廠方消滅了多少證據。工廠在2012年5月被要求進行員工醫療問卷,6月就關閉廠房。為了逃避員工醫療問卷而關閉,這些員工健康到底發生多大的問題?而發放遣散費的條件是日後不能就醫療問題向廠方索賠。吸入工廠毒空氣(來自食材)的員工生病了,吃下這間工廠製造的寵物食品當然也生病了,只是數目多少不得而知,貓命狗命根本不值錢,對這些商人而言。

 
這間工廠屬於馬氏集團,這個集團擁有許多寵物品牌,例如皇家,看這包裝多專業。此外偉嘉、寶路、美士、西莎和健綠潔牙餅等都是這個集團的產品。集團年營收超過一百六十億美金,一個可以用錢砸死政府單位的大集團。但是當他們的員工因為工廠環境有毒而生病時,這個集團只用了六個月的薪水打發員工,而且還要簽署一份文件,要求員工日後如有健康問題不可向他們求償,一整個做賊心虛的態度。是說這個品牌有許多工廠,出狀況的我們只看到這一間,也許其他工廠狀況好得不得了,所以皇家、寶路、美士、西莎和健綠潔牙餅等都繼續吃沒關係,反正這間問題工廠也已經關閉了。

 
獸醫創立的品牌西爾希有專業形象加持,他們在美國幫獸醫學生付學費,美國的獸醫學院的小動物營養學教科書和台灣的獸醫系一樣,都是使用希爾西編的教材,教育未來的獸醫們加工寵物食品才是最棒的食品,人家專業的獸醫都這麼說,那當然是繼續吃沒關係。

 
那個普瑞納乾飼料是得獎飼料,雖然頒獎的單位有得到普瑞納的金錢贊助那又怎樣,重點是金牌,管他是誰頒的。有狗主人吃普瑞納的食物吃到生病(鋅含量過高),狗主人要求普瑞納支付120加幣的醫療費,普瑞納說好,但是你要簽一份文件,同意不公開這個事件,狗主人不願意簽,普瑞納就花了五萬美金打官司,打敗狗主人。人家錢那麼多,寧願花五萬美金也不要花120加幣。這麼有錢的集團工廠設備一定很好,食材一定超高級,所以繼續吃普瑞納沒關係。

 
愛慕思和優卡這家寵物食品公司用殘忍的方式對待動物進行實驗(參考連結http://compassionateshopping.blogspot.tw/2010/05/are-you-still-feeding-your-dogscats.html很殘忍,要有心理準備)。人家犠牲別的無辜動物,只為了確保製造出來的食品對我們的貓狗是好物,當然繼續吃沒關係。

 
貓友很愛的一個貓主食罐叫做Wellness。這個廠牌製造的狗飼料(照片這包)的三氧化二砷(砒霜)和鉛超標,FDA規定三氧化二砷含量要在10ppb以下,但是這包乾飼料的三氧化二砷含量是1500ppb。FDA規定鉛含量要在5ppb以下,但這包乾飼料的鉛含量是221ppb。因此今年七月一群人提出集體訴訟,控告Wellness數項罪名,不過這包是狗飼料,不是貓乾飼料,也不是貓主食罐,所以Wellness繼續吃沒關係。(資料來源:http://www.drjudymorgan.com/lawsuit-against-wellness-dog-food-wellpet-llc/ )



貓生食萬歲
祝大家週末愉快
 


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