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September 8, 2017


Raw Meat: The Completely Healthy 'Pet' Diet Your Vet Probably Vilifies
By Dr. Karen Baker
原文發表日期:February 15, 2011 
Today I'd like to discuss the reason why dogs and cats can, and should, eat raw meat.


This is one of the most frequent conversations I have with startled visitors to my home who say, 'My gosh! You feed your pets raw meat?' … as well as clients at my Natural Pet animal clinic who already feed or would like to feed their pets raw, but are getting an argument from their own veterinarians about raw food diets for dogs and cats.


The whole debate about raw food doesn't make a lot of sense to me. Dogs and cats have consumed living, raw meats for thousands of years.


To this day barn cats catch and kill mice, and no one calls poison control. Farmers also don't call poison control when their dog finds a litter of baby bunnies and pops them in their mouth like little Tootsie Rolls. In these cases, no one thinks to induce vomiting or say, 'Oh my gosh! My pet just ate raw meat!'


The truth is both cats and dogs are designed specifically to consume raw meat. Their bodies are adapted to process raw, living foods.


Fast Food is Bad for Pets, Too


The first bags of commercial pet food entered the market about a hundred years ago. From a historical perspective, processed dog and cat food is a relatively new phenomenon.


However, your pet's GI tract has not evolved in those hundred years to make good use of an entirely kibble-based diet – and it never will.


Fortunately, the bodies of dogs and cats are amazingly resilient and therefore capable of handling foods that aren't biologically appropriate, like most dry pet foods. Unfortunately, this adaptability has led to a situation of 'dietary abuse' among the veterinary community.



Commercial pet foods – especially dry bagged foods – are so convenient the majority of vets recommend them to all their patients. Processed dog and cat food is convenient, inexpensive, and there's no preparation or cleanup required. You stash the bag in the pantry, scoop out a portion at meal time, drop it into your pet's food dish and you're done.


Because commercial pet food has been so successfully marketed (dog and cat food products are a multimillion dollar industry, after all), and because pets' bodies are resilient and can survive, if not thrive on the stuff, we have been lulled into a sense of complacency about the food we feed our precious four-legged companions.



Most veterinary students don't learn about species-appropriate pet diets in vet school. The only food discussed is processed, commercial pet formulas.


The concept of feeding a living food diet is foreign to many vets. If a client mentions he feeds raw, the vet will ask, 'Why don't you just feed your cat regular cat food, for crying out loud? Why do you need to make food? Why do you need to feed living foods?'



It doesn't take much research to uncover the fact that dogs and cats are designed by nature to eat living foods – unprocessed, raw, nourishing foods. Feeding a commercial formula is a bit like deciding your child can be healthy on an exclusive diet of meal replacement bars. No real food, just meal replacement bars.



A meal replacement bar is fine now and then, but no sane parent would ever consider raising a child on just those alone. Yet that's what we're doing when we feed our pets nothing but commercial, processed foods.


Living foods in your pet's diet are necessary for successful overall immune and organ function.


Eliminating Parasites


It seems the biggest problem most people have with a raw meat diet revolves around parasites.


Parasites – roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms– are passed up the food chain and wind up in the guts of animals.


We don't feed guts to our pets! If you buy a commercially available raw food diet, you will not find guts in the formula because guts contain parasites.


If you prepare a homemade raw diet for your dog or cat, you don't include guts. Do not feed the stomach and small and large intestines. Those are the parts of the prey we get rid of, because those are the parts that harbor parasites.



Muscle meat – the part of the prey used to prepare raw food diets – is sterile except in rare instances when parasites escape the GI tract (guts) and travel there.


Certain parasites, like toxoplasmosis, that get into muscle meat can make your pet sick, which is why you should freeze raw meats for three days before feeding them to your dog or cat.


By freezing meats three days before serving (a lot like how sushi is handled), and by removing the guts of prey species, you can successfully avoid exposing your raw fed pet to parasites.



Salmonella and Your Pet


The second most frequently asked question I get about raw meat diets is, 'What about salmonella?'


The most important thing to understand about salmonella or any other potentially pathogenic bacteria 病菌is that contamination absolutely does occur. It's a fact of life.


Salmonella is the reason for most recalls of dry pet foods (and human foods as well). When a salmonella outbreak occurs, there has been contamination in the food chain.


The word Salmonella is used to describe over 1,800 serovars (species) of gram-negative bacteria. This bacteria lives in many species of mammals. The most common bacteria riding around in your dog or cat is Salmonella typhimurium.


I want to quote from an article titled Campylobacter and Salmonella-Associated Diarrhea in Dogs and Cats: When Do I Treat? It was written by Stanley L. Marks, BVSc, PhD, DACVIM (Internal Medicine, Oncology), DACVN, Davis, CA, for the Veterinary Information Network (VIN):

以下引用一篇名為「貓狗體內曲狀桿菌以及和沙門氏菌有關的腹瀉:適當治療時機?」文章,作者是獸醫史丹利.馬克斯(Stanley L. Marks專長內科和腫瘤科):

"The clinical significance of bacteria such as clostridiumand salmonella causing diarrhea or illness in dogs and cats is clouded by the existence of many of these organisms as normal constituents of the indigenous intestinal flora. The primary enteropathogenic bacteria most commonly incriminating in canine and feline diarrhea is Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, Campylobacter, and Salmonella.


Veterinarians are faced with a quandary when attempting to diagnose small animals with suspected bacterial-associated diarrhea because the isolation rates of these pathogenic bacteria are similar in diarrheic and non-diarrheic animals, and because the incidence of bacterial-associated diarrhea is extremely variable.  Salmonella species are commonly isolated from both healthy and hospitalized dogs and cats."


What this is saying, in a nutshell, is dogs and cats naturally have some Salmonella in their GI tracts much of the time – it's not some unknown foreign invader but rather one their bodies are familiar with.


If you're familiar with reptiles, the situations are similar. Reptiles are known to naturally harbor Salmonella in their GI tracts.


In an article written by Rhea V. Morgan DVM, DACVIM, DACVO for the VIN, the doctor asserts the following about illness resulting from salmonella:

以下是一段獸醫 Rhea V. Morgan寫的文字,陳述沙門氏菌之所以造成疾病:

"Factors that increase the likelihood of clinical disease from Salmonella include the age of the animal, poor nutrition, the presence of cancer or neoplasia, and other concurrent diseases and stress, as well as the administration of antibiotics, chemotherapy or glucocorticoids [which are steroids]."


The bottom line is potentially harmful bacteria reside in your pet's GI tract whether you feed raw foods or the processed stuff. In other words, your pet is already 'contaminated' with Salmonella.


Dogs and cats are built to handle bacterial loads from food that would cause significant illness in you or me. Your pet's body is well equipped to deal with heavy doses of familiar and strange bacteria because nature built him to catch, kill and immediately consume his prey.


Your dog's or cat's stomach is highly acidic, with a pH range of 1-2.5. Nothing much can survive that acidic environment – it exists to keep your pet safe from potentially contaminated raw meat and other consumables.



In addition to the acid, dogs and cats also naturally produce a tremendous amount of bile. Bile is both anti-parasitic and anti-pathogenic. So if something potentially harmful isn't entirely neutralized by stomach acid, the bile is a secondary defense. And your pet's powerful pancreatic enzymes also help break down and digest food.


Keeping Your Pet's GI Tract in Good Shape


To help your pet's digestive system remain strong and resilient enough to handle a heavy bacterial load and to support overall immune function, there are several things you can do.

  • Number one, minimize stress by feeding a species-appropriate diet, the kind your dog or cat is meant to eat. It's important to feed vegetarian food to vegetarian animals, and meat-based food to your carnivorous dog or cat.
  • Minimize the drugs your pet takes, such as antibiotics. Reseed the gut during and after antibiotic therapy with a probiotic. It's also a good idea to maintain your dog or cat on a daily probiotic to balance the ratio of good to bad bacteria (gut flora).
  • A good-quality digestive enzyme will help promote your dog's or cat's body to get the most out of the food you feed.
  • 第一個方式是藉由餵適合物種的食物,把壓力減到最低。草食動物要吃草,肉食動物要吃肉,這點基本認知是很重要的。
  • 把動物用藥減到最低,例如抗生素。在抗生素療程之中以及之後,用益生菌重整腸道。每天在貓狗食物中補充益生菌也是一個很好的作法,可以平衡好菌與壞菌的比例。
  • 品質好的消化酵素可以幫助動物從食物中獲得最大的營養。
Providing your favorite pooch or feline with a balanced, biologically sound diet, a healthy lifestyle, digestive enzymes and probiotics, will nourish your pet, support healthy immunologic function, and bring overall vibrancy to her body.


This is in direct contrast to feeding a commercial formula of highly processed rendered byproducts, chemicals and grains – the typical mainstream pet food sold today. The sooner you transition your dog or cat to the kind of diet she was designed to eat, the sooner she will be on her way to vibrant good health.

Science Diet pays veterinarians tuition for selling their food in their practice. The only vets I know that don't sell Science Diet or other "prescription" foods are the ones that have been in practice a very long time, no longer have student debt and can be "independent". I used to work in vets offices, they make a 100% mark-up on the food. The food is their cash cow!
The greatest way we are going to get our vets to open their eyes to the reality of feeding raw is to learn how and, more importantly, why to do it. To learn enough to confidently challenge our fur babies vets when they say that feeding raw will kill them. I did it. It's not easy nor is it quick but I learned enough to shut my "boys" vet down with, amongst other things, the simple statement that they're my pets and I'm going to feed them what I think is best for them. I also learned what every single ingredient in a can of food or bag of kibble was and was able to show my vet the dangerous ingredients in manufactured food. My sources of information were Dr. Becker's Youtube videos, the book YOUR CAT, SIMPLE NEW SECRETS TO A LONGER, STRONGER LIFE by Dr. E. Hodgkins D.V.M., Esq. and Natural Nutrition For Cats by Ms. Kymythy Schultz C.N, C.N.C. Remember this - what, if anything, vets know about nutrition is taught by representatives of the pet food manufacturing companies - can you say biased, conflict of interest. Lastly, "prescrption" food is either given to vets or is heavily subsidised. The amount of money vets make from "prescription" food is enormous - not to mention the vet bills resulting from feeding species inappropriate food. Enjoy our journey of learniing - your pet will love you for it - your vet won't. OCAAT!!
...我的(貓)知識來源包括貝克醫生的YouTube影片、「你的貓」一書,還有獸醫Kymythy Schulz寫的「Natural Nutrition for Cats」一書...獸醫在學校學習營養學知識,但教課的人是寵物食品公司的員工...
貓的食物邏輯很簡單,就是80/10/10,也就是80%的肉 + 10%的骨頭 + 10%的肝臟,還要提供三種以上不同的肉類餵食,就是營養均衡的食物,如此而已。對,就是這麼簡單,不要懷疑。我翻譯的皮爾森食譜、貓科營養食譜、Anne改版食譜以及我加入的國外四個餵貓狗生食的網站都是根據80/10/10這個基本又簡單的原則,就只有如此而已。


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